- Tsunami kills at least 222 in Indonesia after Krakatau eruption
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After I opened the door, water came in quickly and dragged me out. When I saw outside, the sea was receding. I decided to run and go as the water came again for the second time," she said. Roman, a resident of the area who operates tours to Anak Krakatau, said by text message the weather had been fine when the waves struck, although residents had become wary of the rumbling volcano.
Tsunami kills at least 222 in Indonesia after Krakatau eruption
He said many others had taken refuge in his elevated village of Tahura Carita, which is about metres from the sea. Evacuees were relying on instant noodles, he said. Heavy equipment was being moved in to help with rescue efforts, as well as water and sanitation equipment. The military said it was deploying troops to distribute aid and blankets, as well as sending in medics.
The western coast of Banten province in Java, Indonesia's most populated island, was also badly hit, said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, a spokesman for Indonesia's disaster mitigation agency.
With the exact cause of the disaster still unknown, authorities were wary of the risk of a recurrence. Public works minister Basuki Hadimuljono said emergency operations would be carried out continuously but "would stop at the first sign of possible high tides". Television footage showed how the tsunami washed away an outdoor stage where Indonesian rock band Seventeen was performing for hundreds of guests at an end-of-year party for state utility company PLN.
The band's drummer was among the missing. Anak Krakatau, roughly halfway between Java and Sumatra, has been spewing ash and lava for months. The tsunami was caused by an undersea landslide resulting from volcanic activity on Anak Krakatau and was exacerbated by abnormally high tides because of the full moon, Nugroho said.
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Ben van der Pluijm, an earthquake geologist and professor at the University of Michigan, said the tsunami may have been caused by a partial collapse of Anak Krakatau. This is like suddenly dropping a bag of sand in a tub filled with water," he said. The eruption of Krakatau, previously known as Krakatoa, in killed more than 36, people in a series of tsunamis.
Anak Krakatau, which means child of Krakatau, is the island that emerged from the area once occupied by Krakatau, which was destroyed in It first appeared in and has been growing ever since. Skip to main content. Updated Indonesia tsunami death toll rises to ; victims mostly holidaymakers. Share this story.
An aerial photo shows damaged buildings in Carita, after the area was hit by a tsunami following an eruption of the Anak Krakatoa volcano. By Reuters - December 24, am. But even for Indonesia, which is located along the Pacific Ring of Fire, the level of destruction this year is surprising. Rahmat Triyono, head of the earthquake and tsunami centre at the Indonesian meteorology and geophysics agency BMKG , told the ABC this year was "particularly devastating".
Mr Triyono denied the higher number of casualties were related to warning system failures, and instead attributed it to stronger earthquakes compared to previous years.
To get an idea of the scale of the damage this year, we looked at five of the most severe natural disasters in Indonesia. Search and rescue teams are still hunting for survivors and recovering bodies in the wake of Indonesia's most recent tsunami that tore through the Sunda Strait, which runs between the islands of Java and Sumatra.
The tsunami was triggered by volcanic activity on the island of Anak Krakatoa, which caused an undersea landslide.
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About 20, more were displaced with BNPB recording damage to houses, 73 hotels and villas, 60 shops and boats. Riefian Fajarsyah, lead vocalist for Indonesian pop group Seventeen, was the group's sole survivor after the tsunami hit unexpectedly as the band played at a beachside concert.https://ikemeleqin.cf
Indonesia tsunami: Aftershocks rock Palu day after disaster
The pop star's wife, an Indonesian actress and TV personality, was one of dozens of audience members killed. The official death toll from multiple earthquakes and an ensuing tsunami that hit Sulawesi between September 28 and October 1 stands at 2,, but with around 5, still missing long after the search for survivors ended, the true number is likely to be much higher.
More than 10, people were injured and almost 90, displaced. The majority of fatalities occurred in the coastal town of Palu, which was hit by 7-metre waves. Before and after satellite images revealed the extent of the damage with whole suburbs swallowed by mud and sludge. The disaster drew worldwide attention with offers of aid and assistance pouring in from other parts of Indonesia and foreign countries.
After the event, the BMKG faced criticism with many questioning why the tsunami warning was lifted too soon. The geophysical agency said there was no observation data at Palu, so they relied on the only data that they had and made a call based on that. This is something we must evaluate for the future," Mr Triyono said. However, he said the warning system is improving, as well as the speed and distribution of information.
A series of earthquakes began with a magnitude—6. The BNPB recorded more than aftershocks following the early morning earthquake, including the magnitude Nearly people were killed in mainly North Lombok, including many crushed by collapsed houses, while thousands of properties were damaged and , people were left homeless.
Two weeks later, another quake struck Lombok, killing at least 10 people and causing others to rush out of buildings in panic. Scientists say the powerful earthquakes have lifted Lombok by as much as 25 centimetres. As West Java was still reeling from an earthquake that destroyed the homes of more than 8, families just weeks earlier, flooding and landslides hit nearby Central Java.
The wild weather forced 6, people to evacuate and caused massive destruction in the capital and surrounding areas.
Rescuers worked day and night to pull out survivors buried in the mud. Eleven bodies were recovered but seven remain missing. A tornado and heavy rain that hammered Bogor — dubbed Indonesia's "rain city" by locals — killed one person, injured three others and displaced more than residents, according to BNBP. Eni Retno, a year-old woman who was driving to pick up her child, was killed after a big tree trunk fell onto her car.
While Indonesia and the many countries around the Pacific Ring of Fire are subject to natural disasters like earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic activities, experts say countries can be more prepared. Professor Foliente said appropriate hazard maps for the natural disasters need to be kept up to date and early warning systems should be in place and in good working conditions. Indonesia's geophysical agency welcomed President Joko Widodo's decision to buy more sophisticated equipment to monitor natural disasters, especially for earthquakes and tsunamis.
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By Erwin Renaldi and Tracey Shelton. Photo: Indonesians struggled through a tough year after battling tsunamis, earthquakes and wild storms. AP: Aaron Favila.